Taj Mahal (Agra)
Ancient and mysterious India, although belonging to the countries of the “third world”, still attracts countless guests. And all because it has a unique history and culture, the monuments of which are preserved throughout the country. But the sights of India are not only temples and fortresses. There are still many luxurious parks and reserves, where tourists can see rare animals in their natural environment. And the rest on the quiet Indian beaches will be remembered for a lifetime. Not sure what to see in India? Especially for you, we have compiled a list of the most popular attractions of this country.
What to see in India first
Use the list we have compiled when choosing excursions in India, because the route is not always interesting enough and meets the needs of tourists. Together with detailed descriptions of attractions we offer to look at the photos in order to clearly imagine where you will be during your vacation.
1. Taj Mahal (Agra)
Taj Mahal – a monument to eternal love
The sights of India include many different architectural monuments and structures. One of the most famous is the Taj Mahal.
If you still do not know what to visit in India, go to this mysterious and magical place. The historic building reaches 75 meters in height and impresses with its grandeur. Mausoleum-mosque is one of the new 7 wonders of the world. Built in the XVII century by order of the Shah Jahan padishah to honor the memory of his wife, who died in childbirth.
The domes and walls are made of white marble. On both sides of the mausoleum there are 2 pavilions, one of them is a mosque, and the second is for receiving guests. The Taj Mahal is surrounded by a large beautiful park with a total area of 18 hectares. The park is decorated with fountains, small lakes and canals.
The mausoleum can be reached through the East, South and West gates. At the entrance to pass a strict control, which lies in the fact that you are allowed to take only water and a camera. Inside the building are the actual tombs of the Shah and his wife Mumtaz Mahal, decorated with precious stones.
It is best to visit the mausoleum early in the morning. The only day of the week, when the Taj Mahal is closed to visitors, is Friday. This day is dedicated to prayers.
2. Hampi and the ruins of Vijayanagar (Karnataka)
Ruins of Vijayanagar
Think what to see in India? Do not hesitate, go to the village of Hampi. It is located among the ruins of the former capital of the empire Vijayanagar.
Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as there are many cultural and architectural monuments in this village. In addition, Hampi is one of the main religious centers of India, thanks to the still existing temple of Virupaksha.
The temple is the epitome of architectural art. The altar is surrounded by a complex of musical columns, which make different sounds when tapped. A street leads to the main entrance, also surrounded by relief columns. Even in the temple you can admire the statues of gods and various animals. A distinctive feature of the temple is the presence of a chariot of stone, which is a copy of the original chariot.
It is worth looking at the temple of Shiva, which is located underground. In Hampi you can admire not only the temples, but also other architectural structures: the statue of Narasimha, the royal scales, the tower of the Mahanavami Dibba.
Humpy is also famous for its religious and entertainment festivals. The largest festival is the Hampi festival. All sorts of artists, musicians, festive parade, dances and fireworks – all this happens at the festival. And the biggest religious celebration is the Virupaksha chariot festival. Here the main participants are the statues of the god and goddess, since the festival symbolizes their wedding. They are immersed in a chariot and transported along the main street. All this is accompanied by a bright procession.
Sights of India, especially such as Hampi and the ruins of Vijayanagar, will not leave anyone indifferent – they will want to visit this mysterious country again and again.
3. Red Fort (Agra)
Red Fort in Agra
If you ask a question what to see in India, most people, besides the Taj Mahal, will not name any other attractions. In fact, there are plenty of interesting places, among which is the Red Fort in Agra over the Yamuna River. If you decide to visit the Taj Mahal, then you will be on the way, because the distance between them is only two and a half kilometers.
This fortress is called red due to the fact that it is made of reddish stone. Erected, or rather, reconstructed in 1565 by decree of Akbar the Great. The building is shaped like a semicircle, it has two entrances – these are Lahore and Delhi main gates, around it there is a 21-meter wall. Inside you can see several Islamic mosques, beautiful gardens and the residence of the rulers.