Climate, geography and weather
In India, there are all climatic zones: from equatorial to arctic. The second such country is China. Meghalaya State is the rainiest place in the world. The absolute height difference in India is 8500 meters. From the sea level to the top of Kanchenjungi At the extreme Indian north, in the town of Dras, a record low temperature of -57 degrees was registered.
Hindus are considered the coldest place in the world after Yakutia. Of course, this information is very “conditional”, as well as much that is said in India, but it very much emphasizes the significance of this or that place. We are in Dras. On the right on the photo – information about the coldest place Population The largest city – Mumbai with a population of about 19 million people The population in the state of Uttar Pradesh is larger than in all of Brazil.
According to the data of 2014, about 315 million students studied in India, which is several times more than the total number of residents in Russia. In 2013, over 120 million people took part in the jug festival. The progress of fertility in India is off scale. So, for example, if you take data from 1901 to 2016, then you can observe a growth rate of 332%, which is a kind of record. Everybody knows about the Indian slums, but no one knows that there are about 65 million Indians living there, this is about the number of people in Thailand. The population density is 382 people per square kilometer.
In the state of Bihar, the figure for the same area is 1102 people. See also: Varanasi – the city of the dead Languages Do you think that the largest number of English speakers lives in Britain? And here it is not, according to the data obtained, this record belongs to India. Here are 2 official state languages: Hindi and English Regional languages - 22 + 447 local languages and about 2000 dialects. Against the background of such a motley diversity, it is not surprising that it became necessary to look for some kind of universal way of communication. Medicine Medicine in India was not only developed many centuries ago, but also has its own interesting facts.
Sushurata was the founder of surgery, who lived more than 2,600 years ago in India. At that time, he could successfully perform a number of operations, including: cataract removal, cesarean section, plastic surgery, etc. In the study of ancient scriptures, scientists have found that in India, even in times of ancient civilization, anesthesia was used with might and main. The first school of medicine in the history of mankind – Ayur-Veda was founded more than 2,500 years ago.
The pharmaceutical company Bayer in 1898 produced a new medicine in its laboratory. It helped with coughing and also relieved pain. At the same time, patients using it felt like real heroes. This medicine was given the name – heroin. In India, until 1910, it could be bought at a regular pharmacy. Pharmaceutics is one of the most basic areas of the Indian economy. Transport In India, even ordinary roads have several interesting nuances that can cause surprise to an ordinary European, if not a shock. Indian railways rank third in the world in length; after the USA and Russia, trains are often late here.
Do not be surprised if you arrive somewhere with a 20-hour late Judging by the news, it happens that they also go astray and go in the wrong direction Smoking is strictly forbidden in Delhi. If suddenly you did it, then you face a considerable fine. In Mumbai, it is forbidden to leave the car with the traffic police turned on by very few people here. On the roads – chaos, subordinate to the controller unknown to us. Along the streets of Calcutta, you can move on a trolley, which a person carries with him and by taxi, ordered via UBER. If you noticed a cow on the road during a trip, you should be extremely careful. In the case of even a minor collision with an animal, you face a fine, and in some cases, even a prison sentence.
On the day, Mumbai commuter trains carry about 8 million passengers. This is more than the number of people living in some countries. India has one of the highest roads in the world, connecting the cities of Leh and Manali. A special pleasure is to drive it in the good old Royal Enfield. Read also: In Delhi, through Kyrgyzstan and Manas Airport. We are on the Tanglang-La Pass (5330 m) during the motorcycle tour of Kashmir and Ladakh. numerous leisure opportunities, but also interesting facts. Goa is a former Portuguese colony that became part of India only after 1961. In many restaurants of the resort you can order dumplings, and even okroshka. It has very beautiful nature and few big cities. Most of the population are Christian.